Nineteen Texas House members started this session with a tea-party suicide vote against Speaker Straus (who appointed zero rebels to head House committees). Campaign data reveal that Austin's business lobby bankrolled the Straus loyalists who crushed the rebellion.
On average, rebels raised less money than the loyalists yet overcame more electoral opposition. With much less support from the institutional lobby, the rebels got 14% of their money from the intertwined Empower Texans and Accountability First PACs. The rebels also relied much more on individual contributors.